Torture, Bullying, and Domestic Violence
Torture and Bullying Links
Bullying: General Reports
Bullying: Children and Adolescents
Bullying: Workplace
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Last Update:  September 25, 2016 
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Bullying: General Reports
  Key Components in State Anti-Bullying Laws

This is a page from a United States federal government website that outlines the most helpful components
in state anti-bullying laws or policies.
Bystander motivation in bullying incidents: to intervene or not to intervene
Robert Thornberg, Laura Tenenbaum Kris Varjas, et al
West J Emerg Med. 2012 August; 13(3): 247–252.

This study examines the motivations which leads bystanders in bullying situations to different responses.
  Prevention of bullying-related morbidity and mortality: a call for public health policies
Jorge C Srabsteina. Bennett L Leventhalb
Bull World Health Organ. 2010 June 1; 88(6): 403.


Bullying: Children and Adolescents


SET- bullying:  presentation of a collaborative project and discussion of its internal and external validity
Alexandros-Georgios Chalamandaris, Michele Wilmet-Dramaix, Mike Eslea, et al
Bio-Med Central Research notes, published online April 12, 2016
This study provides an analysis of the amount of time it takes for school based anti-bullying interventions to become effective.


  The Myth of "Mean Girls".
Pamela Orpinas, Caroline McNicholas, Lusine Nahapetyan, and Alana Vivolo-KantorZ 9/10/201

This article examines aspects of bullying and challenges the notion that girls are more aggressive than boys.


Understanding and defining bullying - Adolescents' Own Views
Hellström L, Persson L, Hagquist C.,
Arch Public Health. 2015 Feb 2;73(1):4.


While the negative impact of bullying on young people has been extensively researched, one element on which there is a
scarcity of information is how young people themselves define and understand bullying. This research is directed at
providing that information in order to better identify and treat victims. 



Observational Study of Bullying as a Contributing Factor in Youth Suicide in Toronto
Mark Sinyor, Aval Schaffer, Amy H. Cheung
Can J Psychiatry
. 2014 Dec; 59(12): 632–638.

This report reviews the role bullying plays in suicides among young people and challenges the
suggestion that suicide arises from any one factor, such as bullying.

  Does parental monitoring moderate the relationship between bullying and adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury
and suicidal behavior? A community-based self-report study of adolescents in Germany
Jantzer V, Haffner J, Parzer P, et al

BMC Public Health, 2015 Jun 24;15:583.

This study focuses on the issue of whether the victims of bullying can avoid harmful behavioral consequences, including suicide,
through social support, including parental involvement. 

  Building Capacity to Reduce Bullying Workshop Summary,
Board on Children, Youth, and Families; Committee on Law and Justice;
Institute of Medicine; National Research Council, Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US);
2014 Aug 26, ISBN-13: 978-0-309-30398-9ISBN-10: 0-309-30398-2

This book summarizes a workshop organized by the Board on Children, Youth, and Families of the
Institute of Medicine and National Research Council in April 2014 to identify methods that have proven
effective in decreasing bullying as well as models that could increase protective factors and mitigate
the negative effects of bullying. The report also reviews research on bullying prevention and intervention effort

  Initiating change locally in bullying and aggression through the school environment (INCLUSIVE):
study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled trial

Bonell C, Allen E, Christie D,  et al.

. 2014 Sep 30;15:381.

This is a study of 11-15 year olds in English schools based on the use of the whole-school approach,
or INCLUSIVE method, to reduce bullying and other aggressive behavior.  The study uses measures s
uch as general well-being,  psychological function and attainments, school exclusion and truancy,
substance use, sexual risk, police contacts among students, staff quality of life, attendance and burn-out

  How teen mothers describe dating violence
Herman JW,

Journal Obstetrics & Gynecology Neonatal Nursing, 2013 Jul;42(4):462-70.

The purpose of this study is to raise awareness of and find solutions for teen dating violence (TDV) among pregnant
and parenting teens.



Cyber and Traditional Bullying Victimization as a Risk Factor for Mental Health Problems and Suicidal Ideation in Adolescents  
Bannink, Suzanne Broeren, Petra Ann van de Looij-Jansen PM, et al
PLoS One. 2014 Apr 9;9(4):e94026

This study established a connection between both traditional and cyber bullying and later mental health problems for girls, but not for boys. 
 It also found that only traditional bullying was associated with a greater risk of suicide.


  Trauma Experience of Youngsters and Teens: A key issue in suicidal behavior among victims of bullying?
Shireen F, Janapana H, Rehmatullah, et al
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences,

This study reviews 28 prior studies of children and adolescents examining the connection between bullying experiences and suicide.


  Bullying Behaviors in Children and Adolescents:  “An Ongoing Story”
Tsitsika AK, Barlou E, Andrie E, et al
Frontiers in Public Health, February 10, 2014

This article highlights the world-wide expanding prevalence of bullying, the common characteristics of bullies and victims, as well as the short- and long-term
impact of bullying involvement. Key areas highlighted include the efficacy of bullying prevention programs, which can help health care providers to assess
and provide interventions to children and adolescents affected by bullying.


  Psychosocial Profile of Bullies, Victims, and Bully-Victims: A Cross-Sectional Study
Marie Leiner, Alok Kumar Dwivedi, Maria Theresa Villanos,
et al
Frontiers in Pediatrics
January 14, 2014

This study analyzes the overlap in problems confronted by victims, perpetrators and victim-perpetrators.

  Factors Associated with the Persistence of Bullying Victimization From 10th grade to 13th Grade: A Longitudinal Study
Lars Lie,and Audun Welander-Vatn

Clin Pract Epidemiol Ment Health. 2013; 9: 243–250.

This is a Norwegian study which found that bullying from 10th to the 13th grade is associated with later mental health complaints and
poor school performance.

An Examination of Bullying in Georgia Schools: Demographic and School Climate Factors Associated with Willingness to Intervene
in Bullying
Lori Goldammer, Monica H. Swahn, Sheryl M. Strasser, et al
West J Emerg Med. 2013 August; 14(4): 324–328

This research studies youth willingness to intervene in bullying situations and the impact of school climate
on the attitudes of students.

  Identifying Children At Risk for Being Bullies in the US
Rashmi Shetgiri, MD,a,b Hua Lin, PhD, Glenn Flores, MD
Acad Pediatr. 2012 November; 12(6): 509–522.
This study identifies risk factors associated with the highest and lowest prevalence of bullying perpetration among US children
Prevalence and Correlates of Bullying Involvement among Adolescents with an Autism Spectrum Disorder
Paul R. Sterzing, Paul T. Shattuck, Sarah C. Narendorf, Mary Wagner, Benjamin P. Cooper
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012 November; 166(11): 1058–1064.

This study examines the prevalence and correlates of bullying involvement among adolescents with an autism spectrum


Peer Victimization Experienced by Children and Adolescents Who Are Deaf or Hard of Hearing
Maartje Kouwenberg, Carolien Rieffe, Stephanie C. P. M. Theunissen, Mark de Rooij
PLoS One. 2012; 7(12): e52174.

This study analyzes whether children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) are at a higher risk for victimization than hearing children.
No difference between DHH and hearing children were found on general experiences of victimization. However, differences between the
groups were found regarding parental involvement.

Prevalence of bullying and victimization among children in early elementary school: Do family and school neighbourhood
socioeconomic status matter

Pauline W Jansen, Marina Verlinden1, Anke Dommisse-van Berkel,et al|
BMC Public Health. 2012 Jul 2;12:494.


  Cyber Bullying and Traditional Bullying: Differential Association with Depression
Jing Wang, , Tonja R. Nansel, Ronald J. Iannotti,
J Adolesc Health. 2011 April; 48(4): 415–417.


Case Study with an Identified Bully: Policy and Practice Implications
Lillie B. Huddleston, Kris Varjas, Joel Meyers, Catherine Cadenhead

West J Emerg Med. 2011 July; 12(3): 316–323



A Multilevel Investigation of the Association between School Context and Adolescent Nonphysical Bullying.
Jennifer Grete Green, Erin C. Dunn, Renee M. Johnson, Beth E. Molnar
J Sch Violence. 2011 January 1; 10(2): 133–149.



Childhood bullying: a review of constructs, concepts, and nursing implications.
Jianghong Liu, Nicola Graves
Public Health Nurs. 2011 November; 28(6): 556–568.



Co-occurrence of Victimization from Five Subtypes of Bullying: Physical, Verbal, Social Exclusion, Spreading Rumors, and Cyber
Jing Wang, Ronald J. Iannotti,  Jeremy W. Luk,  Tonja R. Nansel,
J Pediatr Psychol. 2010 Nov-Dec; 35(10): 1103–1112



Bullying among middle school and high school students--Massachusetts, 2009
M McKenna, , E Hawk, , J Mullen, et al
CDC Weekly Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR)  April 22, 2011 / 60(15);465-471


Associations Between Caregiver Support, Bullying, and Depressive Symptomatology Among Sexual Minority and Heterosexual Girls:
Results from the 2008 Boston Youth Survey

Renee M. Johnson, Jeremy D. Kidd, Erin C. Dunn, et al
J Sch Violence. 2011; 10(2): 185–200.



Bullying victimisation and risk of self harm in early adolescence: longitudinal cohort study.
Helen L Fisher, Terrie E Moffitt, Renate M Houts, et al
BMJ. 2012; 344: e2683


High school bullying as a risk for later depression and suicidality.
Anat Brunstein Klomek, Marjorie Kleinman,, Elizabeth Altschuler, et al

Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2011 October; 41(5): 501–516.

  Bullying and cyberbullying among deaf students and their hearing peers: an exploratory study.
Sheri Bauman, Heather Pero
Journal of Deaf Studies and Education
Volume 16, Issue 2Pp. 236-253


Can social support protect bullied adolescents from adverse outcomes? A prospective study on the effects of bullying
on the educational achievement and mental health of adolescents at secondary schools in East London.

Catherine Rothon, Jenny Head,Emily Klineberg, Stephen Stansfeld
J Adolesc. 2011 June; 34(3): 579–588.

  Bullying victimization and substance use among U.S. adolescents: mediation by depression
Jeremy W. Luk, Jing Wang, Bruce G. Simons-Morton
2010 Dec;11(4):355-9

  A cross-national profile of bullying and victimization among adolescents in 40 countries
Wendy Craig, Yossi Harel-Fisch, Haya Fogel-Grinvald, et al
nt J Public Health. 2009 September; 54(Suppl 2): 216–224.


Bullying among schoolchildren: Differences between victims and aggressors
Xavier Garcia-Continentea,, Anna Pérez-Giméneza, Albert Espelta,Manel Nebot Adella
Gac Sanit. 2013 Feb 14. pii: S0213-9111(13)00004-6

  School Bullying is Nothing New, But Psychologists Identify New Ways to Prevent It
American Psychological Association website
October 29, 2004

This article reviews the work of Dr. Dan Olweus, PhD, whose research has led to the development of the Olweus Bullying
Prevention Program, a comprehensive, multilevel, school-wide program designed to reduce and prevent bullying among students
in elementary, middle, and junior high schools. 



Bullying; Workplace


Workplace Bullying: A Tale of Adverse Consequences
Randy A. Sansone, MD and Lori A. Sansone, MD
Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience, Jan-Feb., 2015

This article provides an overview of bullying in the workplace, which affects 11% of American workers.


  Report to the National Football League Concerning Issues of Workplace Conduct at the Miami Dolphins
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison, LLP,
February, 2014


Making things right: nurses' experiences with workplace bullying-a grounded theory
Donna A. Gaffney, , Rosanna F. DeMarco, Anne Hofmeyer, et al
Nurs Res Pract. 2012;243210.



Workplace bullying and psychotropic drug use: the mediating role of physical and mental health status.
Isabelle Niedhammer, Simone David, Stéphanie Degioanni, et al
Nurs Res Pract. 2012; 243210


Domestic Violence
Violence Against Pregnant Women (link to MedAdvocates Data)

Spousal Violence and Pregnancy Termination Among Married Women in Nigeria
Solanke Lukman Bola

African Health Sciences, June
16(2): 429–440
This is a study of Nigerian women that shows a connection between spousal abuse and risk of abortion.



Elements of Effective Intervention for Addressing Intimate Partner Violence in Latina Women; A Systematic Review
Carmen P. Alvarez, Patricia M. Davidson, Christina Fleming, et al
PLOS One, 8/8/16

This study evaluates which type of interventions in stopping intimate partner violence are most effective within the Latina population.


  Family Support Services website
This website provides information on finding local shelters and other help, state domestic violence laws and
general information on domestic violence.


Policing Domestic Violence: Experiments and Dilemmas
Sherman, Lawrence W.; Schmidt, Janell D.; Rogan, Dennis P.
Free Press. (1992). xvi 443 pp.

The author of this book is a criminologist who has researched police approaches to the investigation of domestic
violence cases. This book describes what was learned from a multi-year federal research program that found
that compulsory arrest reduces violence against middle-class women at the expense of those (often black)
who are poor.  The cite is to an
abstract of the book provided by the American Psychological Association.

  Trends in public health policies addressing violence against women.
Loría KR, Rosado TG, Espinosa LM, et al R
ev Saude Publica
. 2014 Aug;48(4):613-21
  Attention biases in female survivors of chronic interpersonal violence: relationship to trauma-related symptoms and physiology.
Depierro J, D'Andrea W, Pole N. et al
Eur J Psychotraumatol
  Responding to Intimate Partner Violence and Sexual Violence Against Women: WHO Clinical and Policy Guidelines.
Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013.


The Human Family Research Center
Torture, Bullying, and Domestic Violence