Building a "Better" Human
The field of eugenics seeks to control the definition of a human being, and to grant human rights
only to those who qualify under this definition, denying the basic human right to life to the rest.
Evidence of Eugenic Attitude
History of Eugenics in the United States
Eugenics in Popular Culture
Miscellaneous Challenges

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Last Update:  November 12, 2016 
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Evidence of a Eugenic Attitude

  'Imbeciles’ and ‘Illiberal Reformers’
by David Oshinsky
New York Times Review of Books,
March 14, 2016
This is a review of two books that provide a history of eugenics in America, including an analysis of the infamous case of Buck vs. Bell, a case
in which the United States Supreme Court ruled that the forced sterilization of those deemed to be unfit by a state did not violate the Due Process
clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.  The Leonard book also provides an account of the perils of intellectual
arrogance in dealing with the explosive social issues."

To Defend the Disposable
George Weigel
First Things,

This is a brief article that talks about the underlying eugenic impulses of some who support abortion.  The author uses the example of
a paper published by the architect of the Affordable Care Act, Jonathan Gruber, when he declares that legalized abortion saved
taxpayers $1.6 billion a year because those terminated before birth were from social classes most likely to be welfare clients.

  Euthanasia is so Accepted that Doctors Must Now Justify Prolonging a Life
Barbara Kay
The National Post,
January 28, 2015

This article raises concerns about a change in attitudes in the Netherlands ever since the adoption, in 2002, of the
Dutch Euthanasia Law which appears to represent a shift  in the basis for euthanasia from self-determination to
“better-off-dead” judgmentalism.  The article includes a brief summary of a new book by Dutch journalist Gerbert
van Loenen,
Do You Call This a Life? Blurred Boundaries in the Netherlands’ Right-to-Die Laws.
  Building a Better Human
Kate Luna,
Maclean’s, 10/15/13

This article provides a summary of exactly how much of the human body can be created synthetically by current
laboratory techniques.
  San Francisco supervisor argues sex-selective abortion ban discriminate against Asian-American women,
Bay City News, 09/10/2014

This is a report of a recent attempt in California to ban abortions performed solely on the basis of the sex of the child
and the opposition to such a ban. In doing so, it exposes the confrontation between eugenic selection and so-called
“reproductive choice. 

  Christianity and Eugenics: The Place of Religion in the British Eugenics Education Society and the American Eugenics Society,

Graham J. Baker,
The Social History of Medicine, May, 2014, 27(2) 271-302

This is a study of the impact of religious belief on members of the major eugenics societies of the early 20th century.

The Genomic Revolution and Beliefs about Essential Racial Differences: A Backdoor to Eugenics?
Jo C. Phelan, Bruce G. Link, Naumi M. Feldman,
The Social History of Medicine, April 1, 2013, 78(2) 167-191

There has been a steady stream of medical reports in recent years concerning the increased susceptibility to certain diseases because
of race (diabetes, heart disease, certain cancers).  This article examines how these reports have contributed to reinforcing racial
differences and the correlation between the central role beliefs in racial difference play in racism as well as the consequences for the future.


Ethical Concerns About Genetic Testing and Screening
Rosemarie Tong i
N C Med J. 2013 Nov-Dec;74(6):522-5 


This article discussed concerns that the use of reproductive genetic testing and other uses of genetic information could lead to
an acceptance of eugenics.



Avoiding genetic genocide: understanding good intentions and eugenics in the complex dialogue between the medical
and disability communities.

Miller PS, Levine RL.
Genet Med
. 2013 Feb;15(2):95-102.

This article examines what is meant by what is “best” for people with disabilities. Eugenics campaigns, legal restrictions on reproductive and other freedoms,
 and prenatal testing recommendations predicated on the lesser worth of persons with disabilities have all contributed toward the historic trauma experienced
by the disability community, particularly with respect to medical genetics.


  Inquiry into Abortion on the Grounds of Disability – a chance to remove discriminatory laws?
Christian Meican Felowship (CMF) Administration
CMG Blog. Org. UK

A parliamentary study group in England confronts the inherent contradiction between the Abortion Control Act of 1969, which
allows abortion for fetal disability up to the moment of birth (if the child is not disabled, the limit on abortion is 24 weeks), and
the Equality Act 2010, which protects disabled people from discrimination.
  Clauberg's Eponym and Crimes against Humanity
Frederick Sweet, PhD and Rita M. Csapo-Sweet EdD,
Israel Medical Association Journal, Vol. 14, December, 2012
Provides an overview of the medical crimes against humanity perpetrated by Dr. Carl Clauberg, who is best known for his cruel
and deathly sterilization experiments on women at the Auschwitz-Birkenau Nazi concentration camp.


The Eugenic Impulse
Nathaniel Comfort
The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 12, 2012

Reviews history of eugenics attempts leading up to current attempts to drive human evolution.


  Eugenics, Past and Future Op-Ed
Ross Douthat
New York Times Review, 6/9/12

The author poses the question of what use will be made of the newly discovered method (mapping the entire fetal genome) of
obtaining comprehensive information an unborn child’s potential prospects.  The history of eugenics is mentioned as well as
the current history of dealing with fetal abnormalities, where 90% of children diagnosed pre-birth with Down’s Syndrome are

  New Fetal Genetics Test: Less Risk, More Controversy
Dana Farrington
Health News
from NPR June 07, 2012

Article cites potential problems that may result from more accurate genetic testing of unborn children, including leading some
parents to have abortions and others to creating “designer” babies.


a)    Eugenics, genetics, and mental illness stigma in Chinese Americans
Ahtoy J. WonPat-Borja, Lawrence H. Yang,  Jo C. Phelan,
Soc Psychiatry, Epidemiology 2012 January 47(1) 145-156

This study examines the role of genetic beliefs in mental illness stigma in Chinese societies. 


  Interview with Paul Root Wolpe, Director of Emory University’s Center for Ethics; board member at the Victor Centers
for Jewish Genetic Diseases by William Saletan

The Atlantic, November, 2011, page 60

In the interview, Wolpe explains why he thinks it is justified to end the life of unborn children with abnormalities.

  Psychiatric Genocide: Nazi Attempts to Eradicate Schizophrenia
E. Fuller Torrey'.Robert H. Yolken,
Schizophrenia Bulletin, vol. 36, no. 1, 2010

Explores the incidence and impact of the Nazi genocide of psychiatric patients.


  Genetic Technologies and Ethics
Ali M. Ardekani
J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2009; 2: 11.

This article reviews ethical issues presented by the use of new genetic technologies in the development of stem cells, cloning, gene therapy, genetic manipulation,
gene selection, sex selection and preimplantation diagnosis particularly concerning human reproductive cloning, inheritable genetic modification and social trait
selection as well as research into cloning and embryonic stem cell research using IVF embryos and medically-related genetic selection, somatic genetic enhancement
and commercialization and commodification of human reproductive practices

  Human Dignity in the Nazi Era: Implications for Contemporary Bioethics
Donal P. O’Mathuna
BMC Medical Ethics, 2006, 7:2

Analyzes the five beliefs central to social Darwinism for their influence on current discussions in medical ethics and bioethics.

  Eugenics and the Misuse of Genetic Information to Restrict Reproductive Freedom: ASHG Statement
by the Board of Directors of the American Society of Human Genetics,

Am J. Hum Genet, 64: 335-338, 1999

Opposes public health programs that use genetic information to reduce the number of births of children with specific disorders.

WARNING: This article does support the use of genetic information by private individuals to end the life of children in the womb.
This position is NOT supported by the Human Family Research Center. The article states that “…for the majority of pregnancies
it is not possible to make predictions about a future child’s health or other capacities. Misguided efforts to do so devalue
humanity.” Yet it fully supports doing just that, as long as a government is not involved. The article is included to show the
unfortunate acceptance of a eugenic attitude in current culture.

History of Eugenics in the United States

Virginia to Compensate Victims of State's Forced Sterilization Program
Christina Maza
The Christian Science Monitor, 
February 27, 2015  (article includes a video)

Beginning in the 1920's until the mid-1970's, Virginia forcibly sterilized more than 8000 people. 
This article reports on a recent decision of the Virginia legislature to compensate victims of this injustice.
  Gateway Website to Eugenics Sites
created by students at the University of Vermont

The sites cover compulsory sterilization in all 50 states, Nazi Murder of Disabled Children and Exhibits on
Nazi Euthanasia Crimes
  The War Against Population: The Economics and Ideology of World Population Control
by Jacqueline Kasun
(Revised Edition) San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1999, 309 pp.
Reviewed by Raymond J. Adamek, Ph.D on Oct 15,2013


  Federal Sterilization Policy: Unintended Consequences
Susan P. Raine, JD, MD, LLM
Virtual Mentor. February 2012, Volume 14, Number 2: 152-157

In the past, forced sterilizations violated the autonomy of vulnerable women. Today, measures intended to protect such women from the abuses of the
 past may in fact hamper their autonomy in a different way.


U.S. Scientists' Role in the Eugenics Movement (1907–1939): A Contemporary Biologist's Perspective
Steven A. Farber
Zebrafish. 2008 December; 5(4)
: 243–245.

This article examines how biological and other scientific analysis was used to support eugenics policies.

  Better for all the World: The Secret History of Forced Sterilization and America's Quest for Racial
Harry Bruinius, 2006, Alfred A. Knopf
Reviewed by Sally Satel
The New York Times
February 26, 2006



  Sterilized in the Name of Public Health: Race, Immigration, and Reproductive Control in Modern California
Alexandra Minna Stern, PhD
Am J Public Health. 2005 July; 95(7): 1128–1138.

This article provides an overview of California’s nonconsensual sterilizations on patients in state-run homes and hospitals from 1909 to 1979, which resulted in over
20 000 of such sterilizations, or one third of the more than 60 000 such procedures in the United States in the 20th century.

  Les politiques eugénistes aux Etats-Unis dans la première moitié du XXe siècle
(Eugenist Politics in the United States of America in the First XXth Half-century)

Dominique Aubert-Marson
Med Sci (Paris),2005 Mar;21(3):320-3.

Reviews eugenicist policies of the United States, which was the first country to create create policies in the early part of the 20th century. Article is in French


  Nuremberg and Tuskegee: Lessons for Contemporary American Medicine
David M. Pressel
J Natl Med Assoc. 2003 December; 95(12):

Examines the ethical problems of Nazi medicine and ethical missteps in the United States in the context of challenges for contemporary physicians, including the way
patients are referred to.

  Making Better Babies: Public Health and Race Betterment in Indiana, 1920-1935
Alexandra Minna Stern, PhD.,
American Journal of Public Health, 2002 May, (92)5: 742-752

This article reviews the experience of Indiana, 1920-35 in its attempts to bring about race betterment. Indiana passed the first eugenic sterilization
law to deal with what they perceived to be an “escalating menace of the feeble-minded.”

  Oregon's Governor Apologizes for Forced Sterilizations,
Deborah Josefson,
British Medical Journal,
12/14/02, 325 (7377), 1380

This article cites the 2648 people who were sterilized between 1923 and 1981 in Oregon because they were mentally ill, had epilepsy, were criminals,
or were homosexual. The state also sterilized residents of reform schools and girls who were considered promiscuous.
  Eugenics movement reaches its height (1923)
PBS People and Discoveries|

Brief history of the Eugenics movement in the United States in the early part of the 20th century.

Roots of Eugenics in America: Immigration Act [1907]

In 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt signed an immigration act which excluded "idiots, imbeciles, feebleminded persons,
epileptics, insane persons" from being admitted to the United States.
History Central Network


Eugenics in Popular Culture

Pig-Human Organs:  Policing the Moral Boundaries
Dr. Anna Smajdor, 
Bionews 856 6/20/16,

This article discusses the moral implications of creating pig-human embryos chimeras for medical purposes.


Oh, My Pop Culture Jesus: Orphan Black’s Missed Opportunity for Faith-Based Redemption
Lady Geek Girl and Friends
Blog,  April 13, 2014

This entry is a blog essay that comments on an interesting issue presented by the BBC television show, Orphan Black,
which involves human clones.  The series raises issues about the moral and ethical implications of human cloning and its
effect on issues of personal identity. The question addressed in the blog post is whether human clones, if ever created,
would be “cherished human lives with souls.”  The blog writer believes that religious views are misrepresented in this show.



Eugenics in the Pop Culture Imagination
Imagine 2050
blog by Domenic Powell

This post reviews two movies released in 2013, The Great Gatsby and Star Trek: Into Darkness for their eugenic
implications in the 21st Century.


Miscellaneous Challenges



Abortion & Down Syndrome: An Apology for Letting Slip the Dogs of Twitterwar,
Richard Dawkins on his website,
August 21, 2014.

This is a statement by Richard Dawkins, evolutionary biologist and noted atheist regarding a tweet he sent on August 20, 2014,
in which he recommended that a woman whose unborn child was diagnosed with Downs Syndrome should abort that child
 if early in pregnancy because it “
might actually be immoral from the point of view of the child’s own welfare.

Response to Richard Dawkins by Wesley Smith, attorney, author, bioethicist:



The Human Family Research Center
Building a "Better" Human